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US Nuclear Weapon Deployment

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US Nuclear Weapon Deployment

Postby Galahad » 27 Aug 2002, 04:19

Interesting article showing what the US deployed where during the cold war.


"Appendix B" Deployments By Country, 1951-1977

As authors Robert S. Norris, William M. Arkin, and William Burr explain in "Where They Were," Appendix B is a remarkable document. It comes at the end of the History of the Custody and Deployment of Nuclear Weapons July 1945 through September 1977, a study undertaken a generation ago by the Defense Department and released earlier this year as the result of a Freedom of Information Act request by the Natural Resources Defense Council (NDRC).

Appendix B provides more detail regarding the extent of America's far-flung nuclear enterprise than has ever before been available, although it is not error free, as the authors point out. The appendix did not come to the NRDC uncensored; 18 of the destination names were blacked out. But because the names were in alphabetical order, and because the authors had a wealth of corroborating data, they were able to add—in brackets—all but one of the missing names. The mystery destination falls between Canada and Cuba.

[key]
Weapon Initial Entry Withdrawn

Alaska
Nonnuclear bomb Nov 55 Jun 67
Bomb Jan 56 Jun 75
Genie Sep 57 Sep 60
Depth bomb Jul 58
ADM Jan-Mar 61 Jun 70
Falcon Apr-Jun 61 Jun 70
155mm howitzer Feb 67 Jun 75
Nike Hercules Jan-Mar 70

[Canada]
Nonnuclear bomb Jul-Dec 50 Jun 71
BOMARC Jan-Mar 64 Jun 72
Genie May 65
Falcon Jul 65 Dec 66
Depth bomb Feb 68 Jun 70

[???]
(Update: This mystery country was identified as Chichi Jima in our January/February 2000 issue.)
Bomb Feb 56 Mar-May 56
Regulus Mar-May 56 Oct-Dec 64
Talos Oct-Dec 64 Dec 65

Cuba
Nonnuclear depth bomb Dec 61 Jul-Sep 63

[Greenland]
Bomb Feb 58 Oct-Dec 58
Nike Hercules Nov 59 Jul 65

Guam
Nonnuclear bomb Jul 50
Bomb Jun 51
Depth bomb Jun-Aug 57
Regulus Sep-Nov 57 Apr-Jun 64
Nike Hercules Jun 61 Jun 69
BOAR Jan-Mar 62 Apr-Jun 63
Hotpoint Jan-Mar 62 Oct-Dec 64
Lacrosse Apr-Jun 62 Oct-Dec 63
Little John Apr-Jun 62 Jun 69
Honest John Apr-Jun 62
ADM Apr-Jun 64
Davy Crockett Jan 65 Jun 69
8-inch howitzer Jun 65
Talos Jul 65 Jun 69
ASTOR Nov 65 Mar 74
ASROC Jan 66
Terrier Mar 66 Jan 67
155mm howitzer May 66
Polaris Jul 66 Aug 66
Nike Hercules Jun 68 Jun 69

Hawaii
Bomb Jul 54 Jun 69
Depth bomb Dec 55-Feb 56
Regulus Mar-May 56 Jan-Mar 65
BOAR Sep-Nov 56 Apr-Jun 63
Honest John Jun-Aug 57 Jun 75
8-inch howitzer Oct-Dec 58 Jun 72
ADM Jan-Mar 59 Jun 75
Hotpoint Jan-Mar 60 Oct-Dec 64
Nike Hercules Jul-Sep 60 Jun 73
Little John Apr-Jun 62 Oct 68
Talos Oct-Dec 63 Aug 68
ASROC Oct-Dec 63
ASTOR Apr-Jun 64
Davy Crockett Apr-Jun 64 Jun 69
155mm howitzer Oct-Dec 64 Jun 75
Terrier Mar 65 Sep 66
SUBROC Aug 65
Falcon May 66 Jun 67

[Iwo Jima]
(Originally identified in Nov./Dec. 1999 as Iceland)
—Click here here for the update—
Nonnuclear bomb Feb 56 Jun 66
Bomb Sep 56 Sep-Dec 59

[Japan]
Nonnuclear bomb Dec 54-Feb 55 Jun 65

Johnston Is.
Thor Jul-Sep 64 Jun 71

[Kwajalein]
Nike Zeus Jul-Dec 63 Jul 66

Midway
Depth bomb Jul 61 Jun 65

[Morocco]
Nonnuclear bomb Jul-Sep 53 Jun 65
Bomb May 54 Sep 63
Depth bomb Sep-Nov 57 Mar 61

[Okinawa]
Nonnuclear bomb Jul 54 Jun 67
Bomb Dec 54-Feb 55 Jun 72
280mm gun Dec 55-Feb 56 Jun 60
8-inch howitzer Jun-Aug 57 Jun 72
Matador Sep-Nov 57 Dec 60
Depth bomb Dec 57-Feb 58 Jun 72
ADM Feb-May 58 Jun 72
Honest John Dec 57-Feb 58 Jun 72
Nike Hercules Jan-Mar 59 Jun 72
Corporal Mar 60 Jun 65
Hotpoint Jul-Sep 60 Dec 60
Lacrosse Oct-Dec 60 Dec 63
Mace Apr-Jun 61 Jun 70
Falcon Jul-Sep 61 Jun 72
Little John Apr-Jun 62 Dec 68
ASROC Jan-Mar 63 Apr 66
Terrier Jan-Mar 64 Jun 64
Davy Crockett Apr-Jun 64 Dec 68
155mm howitzer May 66 Jun 72

[Philippines]
Bomb Dec 57 Jun 77
Depth bomb Dec 57 Jun 74
Hotpoint Jan-Mar 61 Sep 61
Falcon Apr-Jun 62 Jun 71
Terrier Feb 65 Jun 67
ASROC Mar 65 Jun 74
Talos Jul 65 Jun 74

Puerto Rico
Bomb Jun 56 Jun 72
Depth bomb Apr-Jun 61 Jun 75
[Republic of Korea]
Honest John Jan 58
280mm gun Jan 58 Jun 62
8-inch howitzer Jan 58
ADM Jan 58
Bomb Mar 58
Lacrosse Jul-Sep 60 Dec 63
Nike Hercules Jan-Mar 61
Davy Crockett Jul-Sep 62 Jun 68
Sergeant Jul-Sep 63
155mm howitzer Oct-Dec 64

[Spain]
Bomb Mar 58 Jun 65
Depth bomb Oct-Dec 59 Jul 76
Falcon Apr-Jun 62 Jun 64
ASROC Aug 65 Nov 65
Talos Oct 68 Nov 68

[Taiwan]
Matador Jan 58 Jun 62
Bomb Jan-Mar 60 Jul 74

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
NATO Europe

[Belgium]
Bomb Nov 63

[France]
Nonnuclear bomb Aug 58 Jan-Mar 60

[Greece]
Bomb Oct 60
Honest John Dec 61
8-inch howitzer Apr-Jun 62
Nike Hercules Oct-Dec 63

[Italy]
Bomb Apr 57
Corporal Aug 56 Sep 64
Honest John Aug 56 Jun 76
ADM Jan-Mar 59
Jupiter Jun 60 Jun 63
Nike Hercules Oct-Dec 60
8-inch howitzer Jan-Mar 64
Sergeant Jan-Mar 64 Jun 76
Lance Jan-Feb 76
Depth bomb Jan-Mar 72

[Netherlands]
Bomb Apr 60
Honest John Jun 61
8-inch howitzer Oct-Dec 62

[Turkey]
Bomb Feb 59
Honest John May 59
Jupiter Oct 61 Jun 63
8-inch howitzer Jun 65

United Kingdom
Bomb Sep-Nov 54
Thor (Strat) Oct-Dec 58 Sep 63
Depth bomb Jan 68

West Germany
Bomb Mar-May 55
Matador Apr 55 Sep 62
280mm gun Apr 55 Dec 60
Honest John May 55
Corporal Jun-Aug 55 Mar 67
8-inch howitzer Mar-May 56
ADM Mar-May 57
Redstone May-Sep 58 Jun 64
Nike Hercules Apr-Jun 59
Mace Oct-Dec 59 Jun 69
Lacrosse Apr-Jun 60 Dec 63
Falcon Jul-Sep 61 Jun 70
Davy Crockett Oct-Dec 61 Aug 67
Bullpup (ASM) Jul-Sep 62 Sep 63
Sergeant Apr-Jun 63
Pershing Apr-Jun 64
155mm howitzer Feb 65
Walleye Jun 72
Lance Jan-Mar 74


KEY: ADM=atomic demolition munition; ASM=air-to-surface missile; ASROC=anti-submarine rocket; BOMARC=anti-aircraft missile ("BO" stands for Boeing, "MARC" for Michigan Aeronautical Research Center); SUBROC=submarine rocket

©1999 The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists
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